ALLAH’S LESS WIDELY KNOWN NAMES
4- Al-MadhkÅ«r (Ø§ÙÙ ÙØ°ÙÙÙØ±): The Remembered
It has occurred in the Qur’Än in a verbal but not a nominal form. Allah, Exalted is He, said: «Remember me – I will remember you» (SÅ«rah al-Baqarah: 152).
The great Follower Sa`Ä«d b. Jubayr said that it meant: “Remember Me by obedience, I will remember you by reward and forgiveness”; “Dhikr is obedience of Allah. Whoever does not obey Him does not remember Him, even if he abounds in glorification (tasbÄ«h), proclamation of His Oneness (tahlÄ«l) and recitation of the Qur’Än”.
Since Allah’s remembrance of us is incomparable, He said: «And remembrance of AllÄh is greater still» (SÅ«rah al-‘AnkabÅ«t: 45), meaning: “Allah’s remembrance of you is greater than your remembrance of Him during prayer or elsewhere”.
In a hadÄ«th qudsÄ«, He is reported as saying: “Whoever remembers Me in his own self, I will remember him in My Self, and whoever remembers Me in an assembly, I will remember him in a better assembly than his” (Reported by inter alia al-BukhÄrÄ« and Muslim on the authority of AbÅ« Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him).
The root meaning of dhikr, which is one of the noblest and most majestic forms of worship, is alertness by the heart to what is remembered, i.e. wakefulness to it. Remembrance by the tongue was called dhikr because it is a pointer to remembrance by the heart. When, however, the term dhikr was frequently used to denote the verbalisation by the tongue, it became the first meaning that would come to mind.
ImÄm al-QushayrÄ«, may Allah be pleased with him, said: I heard as-SulamÄ« say: The teacher AbÅ« ‘AlÄ« ad-DaqqÄq was asked whether dhikr was more perfect or fikr (reflection). The teacher replied with a counter-question, ‘Which one does the Shaykh incline to?’. ‘For me,’ Shaykh AbÅ« ‘Abdir-RahmÄn as-SulamÄ« replied, ‘dhikr is more perfect than fikr, since the Real, glory to Him, is described by dhikr and not by fikr, and what the Real is described by is more perfect than what is exclusive to creation.’ His reply was approved by Shaykh AbÅ« ‘AlÄ« ad-DaqqÄq.
Mu`Ädh b. Jabal said: “Nothing saves the slave from Allah’s punishment more than remembrance of Allah”.
Meaning-wise, this Name and the preceding Name, al-Ma`bÅ«d, are close to each other, and they both stem from the meaning of the Name dealt with before them, al-MawjÅ«d, as it is only an Existent Who is worshipped and remembered.