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Umm al-Qur'an - 3

2014-05-07
May 7, 2014

 

 

The Exegesis of Sūrah Umm al-Qur’ān

from

Ibn Juzayy’s At-Tashīl li-‘Ulūm at-Tanzīl

 

 

2nd beneficial point

 

The expert scholars have differed as to whether the beginning of the Fātihah entails an implicit phrase in the mode of teaching the slaves, i.e. ‘Say: The praise belongs to Allah’; or whether it is the actual inauguration of Allah’s Speech (without anything implied before it).

It is indispensable to imply the said phrase (‘Say’) before «You alone we worship. You alone we ask for help».

 

3rd beneficial point

 

Praise (al-hamd) is broader than thankfulness (ash-shukr), since the latter is only a recompense for a blessing received, whereas the former might be a recompense for it, exactly as thankfulness, as well as a laudation preceded by no blessing.

From another viewpoint, however, thankfulness is broader than praise, since the latter is by the tongue, whereas the former is by the tongue, the heart and the limbs.

If you grasp the general nature of praise, you will realize that His statement «[t]he praise belongs to Allah» necessitates lauding Him as it befits Him on account of His Majesty, Immense Magnificence, Oneness, Might, conferment of bounties, Knowledge, Power, Wisdom and other such Attributes; and that praise encompasses the meanings of all His 99 Names, as well as thanking Him and lauding Him for each and every blessing He has bestowed and every mercy He has conferred on the totality of His creation, in this life and the Next.

What an extraordinary word, then, as it gathers what volumes are unable to comprise, and what the intellects of His creatures cannot fathom!

Suffice it to point out to you that Allah made it the beginning of His Book and the last supplication of the Denizens of the Garden.

 

***

 

The expert scholars have differed as to whether the beginning of the Fātihah entails an implicit phrase in the mode of teaching the slaves, i.e. ‘Say: Praise be to Allah’; or whether it is the actual inauguration of Allah’s Speech (without anything implied before it).

 

That is so in a syntactical sense.

 

It is indispensable to imply the said phrase (‘Say’) before «You alone we worship. You alone we ask for help».

 

One therefore implies a pedagogical instruction in a verbal form: ‘Say, O slave of Mine: «You alone we worship. You alone we ask for help».’

 

Suffice it to point out to you that Allah made it the beginning of His Book and the last supplication of the Denizens of the Garden.

 

«Wa-ākhiru da`wāhum ani’l-hamdu lillāhi Rabbi’l-‘Ālamīn (The end of their call is, ‘The praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!’)» (Sūrah Yūnus: 10).



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