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Facilitating exegesis

October 21, 2015









Date and place of birth


Ibn Juzayy was born on Thursday, 9 Rabī` ath-Thānī 693 AH / 1294 AD in Granada, the then capital of al-Andalus.


Full names


Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. ‘Abdillāh b. Yahyā b. ‘Abdir-Rahmān b. Yūsuf b. Sa`īd b. Juzayy al-Kalbī

Patronymic (kunyā): Abu’l-Qāsim (also that of his grandfather)

Many Andalusians combined the name Muhammad with the patronymic Abu’l-Qāsim

In Al-Qawānīn al-Fiqhiyyah, the author tackled the mas’alah [The pertinent hadīth is: “تُسمّوا باسمي ولا تُكنّوا بكنيتي” [Reported by inter alia al-Bukhārī and Muslim]:

“NB – The prohibition against certain names has been related. An example thereof is to give the patronymic of Abu’l-Qāsim, but that has been vetoed specifically in the lifetime of the Prophet, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa-Sallam, which is why each of Abū Bakr as-Siddīq and ‘Alī b. Abī Tālib, may Allah be pleased with both of them, gave the patronymic of Abu’l-Qāsim to his son * afterwards”.

* Muhammad b. al-Hanafiyyah as regards the latter

Reason for the prohibition: Arabs prefer to address one by the patronymic – A man in al-Baqī` once addressed a person by the patronymic of Abu’l-Qāsim in the presence of the Prophet, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa-Sallam, as transmitted by Anas (Reported by Muslim)

There is also a well-known permissive hadīth in at-Tirmidhī’s collection and further supporting evidences


As one of his forefathers was named Muhammad and his grandfather’s name was also Muhammad, he is distinguishable from other ancestors by calling him Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Juzayy = No confusion can then arise [His son the compiler of Ibn Battūtah’s Travels is also known as Muhammad b. Juzayy]


Ibn Juzayy: The appellation he became famous by (shuhrah)

Juzayy – Jazī – Jizyun: All 3 known among Arabs

Juzayy like Sumayy and ‘Ulayy

Juz b. Ab Bakr was one of the people who settled in Greater Syria as part of the army headed by Abū ‘Ubaydah b. al-Jarrāh.

‘Abdur-Rahmān b. Juz was appointed governor of Homs (formerly Emesa).

He is also ascribed to a village near Isfahan, one of the inhabitants of which was Ab Hātim Muhammad b. Idrīs b. al-Mundhir al-Hanzalī ar-Rāzī, the well-known Imām and hāfiz, who used to say: ‘We are from the village Juz in the Isfahan area.’





A noun of ascription to the Arab tribe of Kalb b. Wabrah b. Taghlib b. Halwān b. ‘Imrān b. al-Hāf(ī) b. Qudā`ah [1] (Qudā`ah  belongs to the Qahtāniyyah according to the prevalent view). It is a Yemeni tribe.

It is said that Zayd b. Hārithah, his son Usāmah b. Zayd and Dihyah b. Khalīfah al-Kalbī (in whose shape Jibrīl, peace be upon him, used to appear before the Prophet, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa-Sallam), belonged to this tribe.

The Kalbiyyūn [2] migrated to al-Andalus and settled there [3].

A number of prominent Kalbiyyūn, who excelled in military service, politics, judicial office, scholarship (such as exegesis, hadīth, fiqh, history, grammar and literature), arose in the Iberian Peninsula.

Their arrival in Granada occurred early, as did the spread of their prestige and influence there.










Linguistically derived from al-fasr = elucidation / act of clarifying

Fasara ash-shay’a yafsiruhu or yafsuruhu fasran

Fasr is also the uncovering of a lid. Tafsīr also means unveiling.


Technically, as defined by az-Zarkashī in Al-Burhān fī ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ā:

“It is a science by which the Book sent down by Allah on His Prophet Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa-Sallam, is understood, its meanings explicated, and its judgments and points of wisdom extracted”. 


[1] He is Qudā`ah b. Mālik b. ‘Amr b. Murrah b. Zayd b. Mālik b. Himyar (= the son of Saba’ b. Yashjub b. Ya`rub b. Qahtān. Unlike his brother Kahlān b. Saba’, Himyar founded kingship, since the Tabābi`ah and others from his loins held power).

[2] In the Jāhiliyyah they resided in such areas as Dūmat al-Jandal, TabÙk and the border areas of Greater Syria.

[3] Others migrated in early 8th century AH to the coastal part of Istanbul or settled in Shayzar and Aleppo.


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